Department of Biomedical Engineering

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Richard Hart

ChairBiomedical Engineering
ProfessorBiomedical Engineering

Room 402 Bevis Hall
1080 Carmack Road
Columbus, OH 43210


Biographical Narrative

Professor Hart is the Edgar C. Hendrickson Designated Professor and Department Chair of the Department of Biomedical Engineering. He earned B.E.S. (Bachelor of Engineering Science, 1975) and M.S. (Engineering Mechanics, 1977) degrees from the Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta, Georgia. Georgia Tech subsequently awarded him a yearlong World Student Fund scholarship to study Biomechanics at the Technische Universität in Berlin (West) Germany from 1977-78. Upon his return, he enrolled in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio (Ph.D. awarded January 1983). He joined the faculty in Tulane’s Department of Biomedical Engineering as an Assistant Professor in December 1982. He served as Department Chair at Tulane’s Department of Biomedical Engineering from 1997-2006, and in 2001 was appointed as the Alden J. “Doc” Laborde Professor of Engineering. He came to Ohio State University in 2006 as Chair of the newly created Department of Biomedical Engineering. In 1999, he was elected a Fellow of the Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering and in 2001 he was given the American Society for Engineering Education’s Theo C. Pilkington Outstanding Educator Award. In 2004 he and co-authors shared the Association of International Glaucoma Societies Award. He has completed two terms as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Biomechanical Engineering and is currently on the Editorial Board for the journal Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, and in 2006 was elected to the board of directors for the Biomedical Engineering Society, was elected a fellow in 2010, and served as Secretary of the Society from 2009-2012. He was elected to be the next President of BMES with a 2-year term starting in 2014. His research interests are in finite element analysis of biological tissues and structures, with a primary focus on work that seeks to describe, simulate, and predict the response of bone tissue to mechanical stimuli. In addition, he has collaborated on research projects in brain physics, spine mechanics, and ophthalmology. Most recently he is using MicroCT methods to develop computational models of hard tissues, as well as collaborating on a project to model the mechanical communication of cells seeded in collagenous gels.



  • Fellow, Biomedical Engineering Society


  • The Global Glaucoma Award (shared with 3 others), Association of International Glaucoma Societies


  • Theo C. Pilkington Outstanding Educator Award, American Society for Engineering Education
  • Alden J. "Doc" Laborde Professor of Engineering


  • Fellow, American Institute for Medical & Biological Engineering


  • Lee H. Johnson award for teaching excellence, Society of Tulane Engineers


  • Outstanding Tulane BME Teacher of the Year award, Department of Biomedical Engineering



  • Hart, R.T.. Numerical Simulations in Biomedical Engineering. Columbus: Self. 2014.


  • H. Power and R.T. Hart. Computer Simulations in Biomedicine. Southampton: Computational Mechanics Publications. 1995.

Chapters in Books


  • Natali, A., Hart, R.T., Pavan, P.G., Knets, I., "Mechanics of Bone Tissue" In Dental Biomechanics. Edited by A. Natali. London: Taylor and Francis. 2003.


  • Natali, A., Hart, R.T., "Mechanics of Hard Tissues" In Integrated Biomaterial Science. Edited by R. Barbucci. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Press. 2002.


  • Hart, R.T., "Bone Modeling and Remodeling: Theories and Computation" In Bone Mechanics Handbook. Edited by S.C. Cowin. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 2001.


  • Hart, R.T., Davy, D.T., "Theories of Bone Modeling and Remodeling" In Bone Mechanics. Edited by S.C. Cowin. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 1989.
  • Hart, R.T., "The Finite Element Method" In Bone Mechanics. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 1989.
  • Hart, R.T., "Computational Techniques for Bone Remodeling" In Bone Mechanics. Edited by S.C. Cowin. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 1989.

Journal Articles


  • Ma,Xiaoyue; Schickel,Maureen,E; Stevenson,Mark,D; Sarang-Sieminski,Alisha,L; Gooch,Keith,J; Ghadiali,Samir,N; Hart,Richard,T, "Fibers in the Extracellular Matrix Enable Long-Range Stress Transmission between Cells.." Biophysical journal 104 7 1410-1418
  • Channagiri,Samartha,A; Nagpure,Shrikant,C; Babu,S,S; Noble,Garret,J; Hart,Richard,T, "Porosity and phase fraction evolution with aging in lithium iron phosphate battery cathodes." JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES 243 750-757
  • Morris,Hugh,J; Tang,Junhua; Perez,Benjamin,Cruz; Pan,Xueliang; Hart,Richard,T; Weber,Paul,A; Liu,Jun, "Correlation Between Biomechanical Responses of Posterior Sclera and IOP Elevations During Micro Intraocular Volume Change." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 54 12 7215-7222
  • Benjamin Cruz Perez, Hugh J Morris, Richard T Hart, Jun Liu, "Finite element modeling of the viscoelastic responses of the eye during microvolumetric changes." Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering 6 4 29-37


  • Blackstone,B,N; WILLARD,J,J; Lee,C,H; Nelson,M,T; Hart,R,T; Lannutti,J,J; Powell,H,M, "Plasma surface modification of electrospun fibers for adhesion-based cancer cell sorting." INTEGRATIVE BIOLOGY 4 9 1112-1121
  • Kim,Do-Gyoon; Navalgund,Anand,R; Tee,Boon,Ching; Noble,Garrett,J; Hart,Richard,T; Lee,Hye,Ri, "Increased variability of bone tissue mineral density resulting from estrogen deficiency influences creep behavior in a rat vertebral body." BONE 51 5 868-875
  • Aggarwal,Reeva; Lu,Jingwei; Kanji,Suman; Joseph,Matthew; Das,Manjusri; Noble,Garrett,J; McMichael,Brooke,K; Agarwal,Sudha; Hart,Richard,T; Sun,Zongyang; Lee,Beth,S; Rosol,Thomas,J; Jackson,Rebecca; Mao,Hai-Quan; Pompili,Vincent,J; Das,Hiranmoy, "Human Umbilical Cord Blood-Derived CD34(+) Cells Reverse Osteoporosis in NOD/SCID Mice by Altering Osteoblastic and Osteoclastic Activities." PLOS ONE 7 6
  • Mercurio,Andrew,D; Motta,Tatiana; Green,Eric; Noble,Garrett; Hart,Richard,T; Allen,Matthew,J, "Effects of extensive circumferential periosteal stripping on the microstructure and mechanical properties of the murine femoral cortex." JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH 30 4 561-568


  • Roberts, M.D., Santner, T.J., and Hart, R.T., "Local Bone Formation Due to Combined Mechanical Loading and Intermittent hPTH-(1-34) Treatment and its Correlation to Mechanical Signal Distributions." Journal of Biomechanics 42 2431-2438


  • Girard,Michael; Suh,Jun-Kyo,Francis; Hart,Richard,T; Burgoyne,Claude,F; Downs,J,Crawford, "Effects of storage time on the mechanical properties of rabbit peripapillary sclera after enucleation." CURRENT EYE RESEARCH 32 5 465-470


  • Sander, E, A; Downs, J, C; Hart, R, T; Burgoyne, C, F; Nauman, E A, "A cellular solid model of the lamina cribrosa: mechanical dependence on morphology.." Journal of biomechanical engineering 128 6 879-89


  • Downs,J,C; Suh,J,KF; Thomas,K,A; Bellezza,A,J; Hart,R,T; Burgoyne,C,F, "Viscoelastic material properties of the peripapillary sclera in normal and early-glaucoma monkey eyes." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 46 2 540-546
  • Burgoyne, Claude, F; Downs, J Crawford; Bellezza, Anthony, J; Suh, J-K Francis; Hart, Richard T, "The optic nerve head as a biomechanical structure: a new paradigm for understanding the role of IOP-related stress and strain in the pathophysiology of glaucomatous optic nerve head damage.." Progress in retinal and eye research 24 1 39-73
  • Roberts, M, D; Hart, R T, "Shape adaptation of long bone structures using a contour based approach.." Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering 8 3 145-56


  • Burgoyne,C,F; Downs,J,C; Bellezza,A,J; Hart,R,T, "Three-dimensional reconstruction of normal and early glaucoma monkey optic nerve head connective tissues." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 45 12 4388-4399


  • Bellezza,A,J; Rintalan,C,J; Thompson,H,W; Downs,J,C; Hart,R,T; Burgoyne,C,F, "Deformation of the lamina cribrosa and anterior scleral canal wall in early experimental glaucoma." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 44 2 623-637
  • Bellezza, A, J; Rintalan, C, J; Thompson, H, W; Downs, J, C; Hart, R, T; Burgoyne, C F, "Anterior scleral canal geometry in pressurised (IOP 10) and non-pressurised (IOP 0) normal monkey eyes.." The British journal of ophthalmology 87 10 1284-90
  • Downs, J Crawford; Suh, J K Francis; Thomas, Kevin, A; Bellezza, Anthony, J; Burgoyne, Claude, F; Hart, Richard T, "Viscoelastic characterization of peripapillary sclera: material properties by quadrant in rabbit and monkey eyes.." Journal of biomechanical engineering 125 1 124-31
  • Coleman, John, C; Hart, Richard, T; Burr, David B, "Reconstructed bone end loads on the canine forelimb during gait.." Journal of biomechanics 36 12 1837-44
  • Downs,J,C; Suh,J,KF; Thomas,K,A; Bellezza,A,J; Burgoyne,C,F; Hart,R,T, "Viscoelastic characterization of peripapillary sclera: Material properties by quadrant in rabbit and monkey eyes." JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME 125 1 124-131


  • Coleman, John, C; Hart, Richard, T; Owan, Ichiro; Tankano, Yuichi; Burr, David B, "Characterization of dynamic three-dimensional strain fields in the canine radius.." Journal of biomechanics 35 12 1677-83
  • Downs,J,C; Blidner,R,A; Bellezza,A,J; Thompson,H,W; Hart,R,T; Burgoyne,C,F, "Peripapillary scleral thickness in perfusion-fixed normal monkey eyes." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 43 7 2229-2235


  • Villarraga,M,L; Anderson,R,C; Hart,R,T; Bundy,K,J; Dinh,D,H, "Mechanisms of titanium release from posterior cervical spine plates in a canine model based on computational and biocompatibility studies." FUNCTIONAL BIOMATERIALS 198-1 69-100
  • Downs,J,C; Ensor,M,E; Bellezza,A,J; Thompson,H,W; Hart,R,T; Burgoyne,C,F, "Posterior scleral thickness in perfusion-fixed normal and early-glaucoma monkey eyes." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 42 13 3202-3208
  • Hart, R.T., Journal of Biomechanics 34 1511-1512


  • Bellezza,A,J; Hart,R,T; Burgoyne,C,F, "The optic nerve head as a biomechanical structure: Initial finite element modeling." INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE 41 10 2991-3000


  • Villarraga,M,L; Anderson,R,C; Hart,R,T; Dinh,D,H, "Contact analysis of a posterior cervical spine plate using a three-dimensional canine finite element model." JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME 121 2 206-214


  • Voor, M, J; Anderson, R, C; Hart, R T, "Stress analysis of halo pin insertion by non-linear finite element modeling.." Journal of biomechanics 30 9 903-9
  • Hart, R.T., Fritton, S.P., "Introduction to Finite Element Based Simulation of Functional Adaptation of Cancellous Bone." Forma 12 277-299


  • Hart, R.T.; Oden, Z. M.; Parrish, S.W.; and Burr, D.B., "Computational Methods for Bone Mechanics Studies." The International Journal of Supercomputer Applications 6 2 164-174
  • Hart, R, T; Hennebel, V, V; Thongpreda, N; Van Buskirk, W, C; Anderson, R C, "Modeling the biomechanics of the mandible: a three-dimensional finite element study.." Journal of biomechanics 25 3 261-86


  • Yan, Y; Nunez, P, L; Hart, R T, "Finite-element model of the human head: scalp potentials due to dipole sources.." Medical & biological engineering & computing 29 5 475-81


  • Cowin, S, C; Hart, R T, "Errors in the orientation of the principal stress axes if bone tissue is modeled as isotropic.." Journal of biomechanics 23 4 349-52
  • Hart, R T, "A theoretical study of the influence of bone maturation rate on surface remodeling predictions: idealized models.." Journal of biomechanics 23 3 241-57




  • Cowin, S, C; Hart, R, T; Balser, J, R; Kohn, D H, "Functional adaptation in long bones: establishing in vivo values for surface remodeling rate coefficients.." Journal of biomechanics 18 9 665-84


  • Figgie, H.E., III, Davy, D.T., Heiple, K.G., and Hart, R.T, "Load Bearing Capacity of the Tibial Component of the Total Condylar Knee Prosthesis: An In Vitro Study." Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 183 288-297
  • Hart, R, T; Davy, D, T; Heiple, K G, "Mathematical modeling and numerical solutions for functionally dependent bone remodeling.." Calcified tissue international 36 Suppl 1 S104-9
  • Hart, R, T; Davy, D, T; Heiple, K G, "A computational method for stress analysis of adaptive elastic materials with a view toward applications in strain-induced bone remodeling.." Journal of biomechanical engineering 106 4 342-50

Papers in Proceedings


  • Downs,J,Crawford; Roberts,Michael,D; Burgoyne,Claude,F; Hart,Richard,T, "Multiscale Finite Element Modeling of the Lamina Cribrosa Microarchitecture in the Eye." Annual International Conference of the IEEE-Engineering-in-Medicine-and-Biology-Society 2009.


  • Villarraga,M,L; Anderson,R,C; Hart,R,T; Dinh,D,H, "Contact analysis of a posterior cervical spine plate using a three-dimensional canine finite element model." 1997 ASME Summer Bioengineering Conference 1999.
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